50,000-year-old Crown Found in Denisova Cave
The crown (or diadem) in question may have been made 50,000 years ago by Denisovans, who are known to have the technology to make elegant ivory needles and a sophisticated and beautiful stone bracelet.
According to another theory about crowns made by people living in Yana river in Yakutia 20,000 years from now, this crown indicated the families or tribes of people like a passport or identity.
The traces on the crown show that archaeologists saw it as one of the most important caves in the world, and it was quite worn out before being thrown broken.
According to the researcher Alexander Fedorchenko from the Novosibirsk Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, the crown made in the Paleolithic period can be dated 45,000 to 50,000 years ago.
In the excavations carried out in the Denisova Cave in the Altai Mountains in Southern Siberia, a part of the front part of a crown made of a mammoth tooth was previously found.
The latest discovery adds new evidence to the theory that researchers have been crowning and possibly producing the ancient inhabitants of the cave for thousands of years.
Fedorchenko said, “Finding one of the oldest crowns is a very rare situation not only for Denisova cave, but for the world. "The ancient people used the mammoth tooth to make needles and arrowheads, as well as beads, bracelets and necklaces."
“Mammoth female plates were first soaked in water and then bent at a certain angle to make them more shapeable and not to crack during the process. All twisted objects tend to return to their original form over time. ”
“We have a growing collection of mammoth females in the cave of Denisova. A collection of thirty pieces in total, with beads, three rings, bracelet pieces and arrowheads. ”
“Finding a piece as big as a crown is an incredibly rare discovery for Siberia. There were mammoth female crowns, including some ornate ornaments in Paleolithic settlements in the east and north of Siberia. However, these crowns were made much later, 20,000 to 28,000 years ago. ”
This crown shows all the possible ways of processing mammoth teeth, such as immersion, bending, grinding, polishing and drilling, used by people in the Denisova Cave.
“These are all possible technologies from A to Z that are generally used in the Paleolithic period, but generally associated with the activities of Homo sapiens. We are probably dealing with an older culture here because there was not a single bone fragment from a Homo sapiens in the cave. ”
Researchers are still working to date and revive this amazing piece of mammoth female. When this process is complete, pictures & drawings will be made of how the crown looked like thousands of years ago. There is also the possibility that other parts of the crown may be found.
Fedorchenko said, “The mammoth tooth has a structure that can last for a very long time. "If the other parts of the crown are not damaged and defeated by cave maids, we will find them."
In order to fully understand the history, researchers have to study the archaeological layer where the crown is located. This can be done by radiocarbon dating to the animal bones in the same layer or by optical dating. & Nbsp; This technology allows experts to understand when the culture-containing layer is on top and receives daylight (photons).
Evidence of an inter-species child called Denny, who lived about 90,000 years ago in the Denisova cave earlier this year. & Nbsp; According to the DNA findings, this child was the product of sexual intercourse between a Neanderthal mother and a Denisovian father.
Graduated from Anadolu University Archeology Department. Graduated from Istanbul University, Prehistory Department. He continues his PhD at the same university. Contact: [email protected]
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